TICK: The Blood Sucking Parasite
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TICK: The Blood Sucking Parasite

They are of basically two types—hard ticks and soft ticks. Ironically, soft ticks have tough skins and are more of a menace, owing to their higher need of feeding. They are found in caves and nests. Hard ticks have a hard shield on their back and feed on the blood of mammals like humans, wild and domestic animals. Though tiny, even microscopic at times, their bites can be deadly. Knowledge of these types of ticks would help you deal with these menaces in a better way.

TICK: THE BLOOD-SUCKING PARASITE

Tick is the common name for the small arachnids in super family Ixodoidea that, along with other mites, constitute the Acarina. Ticks are ectoparasites (external parasites), living by hematophagy on the blood of mammals, birds, and occasionally reptiles and amphibians. Ticks are vectors of a number of diseases, including Lyme disease, Q fever (rare; more commonly transmitted by infected excreta), Colorado tick fever, tularemia, tick-borne relapsing fever, babesiosis, ehrlichiosis and tick-borne meningoencephalitis, as well as anaplasmosis in cattle and canine jaundice.

These tiny blood-sucking creatures, mostly misconceived as insects, actually belong to the family of spiders and scorpions. Ticks are blood-sucking arthropods, which infest birds, cattle and especially dogs.

They are of basically two types—hard ticks and soft ticks. Ironically, soft ticks have tough skins and are more of a menace, owing to their higher need of feeding. They are found in caves and nests. Hard ticks have a hard shield on their back and feed on the blood of mammals like humans, wild and domestic animals. Though tiny, even microscopic at times, their bites can be deadly. Knowledge of these types of ticks would help you deal with these menaces in a better way.

Different Kinds of Ticks

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American Dog Tick (Dermacentor Variabilis)

As the name suggests, these are the ticks that attack dogs in particular. Adult ticks feed on dogs and larger animals, while the larvae feed on mice. Their bite can cause Rocky Mountain spotted fever and tick paralysis.

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Brown Dog Tick (Rhipicephalus Sanguineus)

Commonly found in Arizona, these ticks derive their name from their reddish-brown color. They most commonly infect canines and are commonly found in houses and kennels.

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Gulf Coast Tick (Amblyomma Maculatum)

The larvae of these ticks feed on birds, while adult ticks attach themselves to the ears of cattle and deer. They can also crawl upon human body and give nasty bites.Gulf coast ticks have a unique tendency of detecting vibrations of carbon dioxide from a passing host, by merely waving their legs in the air. To remove this tick from a dog’s fur or human skin, pour a little kerosene over it and then pull it with a firm grasp of tweezers.

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Lone Star Tick (Amblyomma Americanum)

They get the name from the silvery spot that female ticks have on them. They grow on humans and are known to prevent the growth of the body part they infest. Their sting penetrates deep into the pores causing pus sores.

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Black Legged Tick (Ixodes Scapularis)

Predominantly found along trails, paths and roadways, these ticks mostly attack wandering cattle or travelers. Black legged ticks are vectors for meningoencephalitis and Lyme disease in humans.

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Relapsing Fever Tick (Ornithodoros Turicata)

Commonly found in rat and mouse habitats, these ticks can cause relapsing fever in humans. It is due to this nature that they are thus named.

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Moose Ticks, Winter Ticks or Elk Ticks (Dermacentor Albipictus)

This type of tick infects moose, caribou, elk and cattle and remains attached to the host throughout his/her life cycle. These ticks, though not known to transmit diseases in their host, can cause severe infestation which may lead to death of the animal due to emaciation. These ticks are not known to cause any diseases in humans.

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Castor Bean Tick or Sheep Tick (Ixodes Ricinus)

These ticks are hard bodied and act as vectors for meningoencephalitis and Lyme disease in humans. They can also cause louping ill in sheep.

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Southern Cattle Tick (Boophilus Microplus)

This tick, as the name suggests, is prevalent in south west countries and mainly attacks sheep, goats and gorses. It transmits severe diseases in the cattle and an over-infection leads to death of the host. It may not have any direct impact on humans, but causes severe losses to the cattle industry and has more of an economic impact.

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Common Fowl Ticks (Argas Radiatus Raillet)

These poultry attacking ticks are also called blue bugs or blue ticks. They injure chickens and also attack humans causing flu-like symptoms in them.

Reference:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tick

http://lifestyle.iloveindia.com/lounge/types-of-ticks

Images from Google Image

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Comments (9)

I had a tick in my foot one time while on Vacation to Costa Rica.... no idea what kind.. Neat info - a lot of people keep DUCKS or Guinea Fowl because they eat ticks!

Thank you for the comment and added insight Brenda.

fb,retweeted,su,i hate ticks and no one likes them

A very informative and interesting read. Really terrific photographs. Liked. Tweeted. Buzzed Up

a very well researched and organized article. I enjoyed the illustrations and found them useful.

Ron, this such a good article but disgusting...I was reminded of a time that a tenant of mine had a poor little dog that caught these things in the backyard. Three times I had to fumigate the yard and still we couldn't kill them. Then, they got into the house by us bringing them in from the yard. A horrible situation and extremely hard to get rid of them. Thank you for your article. It is the worse thing an animal or person can get...much worse than fleas in my opinion.

wow! that's so interesting and highly informative article..nice work my friend.:) v+ping

Dear Nobert, Jerry, Londis, Beverly and Ghaz, thank you so much for the comments.

Just revisited. Thanks everyone for the read, votes and comments, appreciated.

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